Research

A Paradox Revealed: Cues Associated with Infant Abuse May Help Reduce Stress in the Adult Brain

January 14, 2015 (All day)

 Neurobiologists at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere have found a surprising and paradoxical effect of abuse-related cues in rat pups: those cues  also can lower depressive-like behavior when the rat pups are fully grown.   

These paradoxical properties may help shed light on why certain cues such as pictures or odors associated with early life abuse can sometimes reduce stress in those same individuals as adults.

First Successful Vaccination Against “Mad Cow”-like Wasting Disease in Deer

December 22, 2014 (All day)

Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere say that a vaccination they have developed to fight a brain-based, wasting syndrome among deer and other animals may hold promise on two additional fronts: protecting U.S. livestock from contracting the disease, and preventing similar brain infections in humans.

“Master Regulator” Gene — Long Tied to Autism Disorders — Can Stimulate Other Genes Involved in Early Brain Development

December 18, 2014 (All day)

Chemical modifications to DNA’s packaging — known as epigenetic changes — can activate or repress genes involved in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and early brain development, according to a new study to be published in the journal Nature on Dec. 18.

New Technology Advances Eye Tracking As Biomarker for Brain Function and Recovery from Brain Injury

December 16, 2014 (All day)

NEW YORK, NY -- Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have developed  new technology that can assess the location and impact of a brain injury merely by tracking the eye movements of patients as they watch music videos for less than four minutes, according to a study published Friday on-line in the Journal of Neurosurgery.

The study suggests that the use of eye tracking technology may be a potential biological marker for assessing brain function and monitoring recovery for patients with brain injuries.

Early Adoption of Robotic Surgery Leads to Organ Preservation for Kidney Cancer Patients

December 11, 2014 (All day)

NEW YORK, NY – Patients with operable kidney cancers were more likely to have a partial nephrectomy -- the recommended treatment for localized tumors -- when treated in hospitals that were early adopters of robotic surgery, according to a new study.

NYU Langone Medical Center Researchers Recognized for Excellence

December 4, 2014 (All day)
Six distinguished members of the NYU Langone Medical Center community were recently recognized for their contributions to advancing medical science and education.
 

Natural Gut Viruses Join Bacterial "Cousins" in Maintaining Health and Fighting Infections

November 19, 2014 (All day)

Microbiologists at NYU Langone Medical Center say they have what may be the first strong evidence that the natural presence of viruses in the gut — or what they call the ‘virome’ — plays a health-maintenance and infection-fighting role similar to that of the intestinal bacteria that dwell there and make up the “microbiome.” 

Songbirds Help Scientists Develop Cooling Technique To Safely Map The Human Brain

November 18, 2014 - 5:00pm

A new diagnostic technique — resulting from monitoring thousands of courtship calls from songbirds — can be used to safely map the human brain during complex neurosurgery, according to research from Neuroscientists at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere.

The mapping process, first tested in zebra finches, involves gently placing a miniature electrical cooling device at different locations on a small region of the songbirds’ brains. This slows down processing of complex neural behaviors, such as a birdsong or human speech.

Mother's Soothing Presence Makes Pain Go Away - And Changes Gene Activity In Infant Brain

November 18, 2014 (All day)

A mother’s “TLC” not only can help soothe pain in infants, but it may also impact early brain development by altering gene activity in a part of the brain involved in emotions, according to new study from NYU Langone Medical Center.

Calorie-Restricting Diets Slow Aging, Study Finds

November 17, 2014 (All day)

The adage 'you are what you eat' has been around for years. Now, important new research provides another reason to be careful with your calories.

Neuroscientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have shown that calorie-reduced diets stop the normal rise and fall in activity levels of close to 900 different genes linked to aging and memory formation in the brain.