Research

Natural Gut Viruses Join Bacterial "Cousins" in Maintaining Health and Fighting Infections

November 19, 2014 (All day)

Microbiologists at NYU Langone Medical Center say they have what may be the first strong evidence that the natural presence of viruses in the gut — or what they call the ‘virome’ — plays a health-maintenance and infection-fighting role similar to that of the intestinal bacteria that dwell there and make up the “microbiome.” 

Songbirds Help Scientists Develop Cooling Technique To Safely Map The Human Brain

November 18, 2014 - 5:00pm

A new diagnostic technique — resulting from monitoring thousands of courtship calls from songbirds — can be used to safely map the human brain during complex neurosurgery, according to research from Neuroscientists at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere.

The mapping process, first tested in zebra finches, involves gently placing a miniature electrical cooling device at different locations on a small region of the songbirds’ brains. This slows down processing of complex neural behaviors, such as a birdsong or human speech.

Mother's Soothing Presence Makes Pain Go Away - And Changes Gene Activity In Infant Brain

November 18, 2014 (All day)

A mother’s “TLC” not only can help soothe pain in infants, but it may also impact early brain development by altering gene activity in a part of the brain involved in emotions, according to new study from NYU Langone Medical Center.

Calorie-Restricting Diets Slow Aging, Study Finds

November 17, 2014 (All day)

The adage 'you are what you eat' has been around for years. Now, important new research provides another reason to be careful with your calories.

Neuroscientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have shown that calorie-reduced diets stop the normal rise and fall in activity levels of close to 900 different genes linked to aging and memory formation in the brain.

New Tool Could Help Reshape the Limits of Synthetic Biology

November 4, 2014 (All day)

NYU Langone yeast geneticists report they have developed a novel tool — dubbed “the telomerator” — that could redefine the limits of synthetic biology and advance how successfully living things can be engineered or constructed in the laboratory based on an organism’s genetic, chemical base-pair structure.

Synthetic biologists aim to use such “designer” microorganisms to produce novel medicines, nutrients, and biofuels.

Innovative Study Utilizing Video Games Shows Sleep Apnea May Affect Memory of Everyday Events

October 29, 2014 (All day)

Sleep apnea may affect your ability to form new spatial memories, such as remembering where you parked your car, new research led by NYU Langone Medical Center sleep specialists suggests.

The study, published online Oct. 29 in Journal of Neuroscience, demonstrates through the playing of a specific video game that disruption of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep as a consequence of sleep apnea impairs spatial memory in humans even when other sleep stages are intact.

New Study Demonstrates Advances in Creating Treatment for Common Childhood Blood Cancer

October 20, 2014 (All day)

Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere say that blocking the action of an enzyme “switch” needed to activate tumor growth is emerging as a practical strategy for treating T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

An estimated quarter of the 500 U.S. adolescents and young adults diagnosed each year with this aggressive disease fail to respond to standard chemotherapy drugs that target cancer cells.

NYU Langone Medical Center to Spearhead Multi-Institutional MRSA Research Funded by the National Institutes of Health

October 15, 2014 (All day)

Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) and methicillin-resistant staph aureus (MRSA) continue to be among the most common pathogens that overwhelm the immune system, causing serious skin, soft tissue and life-threatening blood-borne infections. Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center will lead a consortium of five institutions on a $6.5 million contract from the National Institutes of Health directed at discovery of the fundamental immunology, microbial genetics, protein structure and proteomics of staphylococcus aureus.

More Appropriate Use of Cardiac Stress Testing With Imaging Could Reduce Health Costs, Improve Patient Outcomes

October 8, 2014 (All day)

New York City – October 8, 2014 – In a new study recently published  in the Annals of Internal Medicine, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center concluded that overuse of  cardiac stress testing with imaging has led to  rising healthcare costs and unnecessary radiation exposure to patients.

Novel Protein in Heart Muscle Linked to Cardiac Short-Circuiting, Ventricular Arrhythmias and Sudden Cardiac Deaths

October 8, 2014 (All day)

Cardiovascular scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have identified in mouse models a protein known as Pcp4 as a regulator of the heart’s rhythm. Additionally, when the Pcp4 gene is disrupted, it can cause ventricular arrhythmias.

Results from this animal study were released online Oct. 8 in the peer-reviewed publication, The Journal of Clinical Investigation.